Vulnerability to Extreme Weather Events in Cities (VEWEC):
Implications for infrastructure and livelihoods
Principal Investigator: Professor Katherine V. Gough, Loughborough University
Co-Investigators: Professor Paula Griffiths, Loughborough University; Professor Robert Wilby, Loughborough University; Professor Samuel Nii Ardey Codjoe, University of Ghana; Professor Paul William Kojo Yankson, University of Ghana; Dr Sam Kayaga, Loughborough University; Dr Raymond Kasei, University for Development Studies
Many cities in the global South are increasingly experiencing extreme weather events, which are having devastating impacts on infrastructure and human lives. VEWEC brings together an expert, interdisciplinary team to investigate the impacts of flooding and extreme heat on urban infrastructure, and the resultant consequences for the livelihoods of poor urban residents in Ghana.
The main aims of the project are to:
- Refine methods for mapping ‘hotspots’ of vulnerability and predicting flooding and extreme heat in cities by drawing on existing climate data
- Examine the impact of flooding and extreme heat on water, electricity and health services
- Analyse the impact of reduced service levels during extreme weather events on the income-generating activities of the urban poor
- Co-produce adaptive strategies to extreme weather events with residents, service providers and policymakers.
The cities of Accra and Tamale, with their differing climates, urban form and size, infrastructure and governance systems, provide contrasting cases within one national context. The study will focus on four areas within each city which have been selected as representative of neighbourhoods suffering from either flooding and/or extreme temperatures. For Accra these are Odawna, Bortianor, Agbogbloshie and Alajo, whilst for Tamale they are Gumani, Sakasaka, Kukuo and Lamashegu.
Put simply, key questions being asked include:
- Where, when and how are climate hazards impacting Accra and Tamale?
- What actions are already being taken by communities and service providers to adapt to flooding and extreme temperatures?
- What further action could be taken?
The views and experiences of key stakeholders and residents of the study communities are being sought using qualitative methods, including in-depth interviews and focus group discussions. Household level temperature data will be collected using tiny-tag sensors located within and outside houses and businesses.
This collaborative research is being conducted by climate scientists, human geographers, health specialists and infrastructure engineers based at Loughborough University, the University of Ghana, and the University for Development Studies (Tamale).